Business as Usual: Interest Group Access and Representation Across Policy-Making Venues
We provide the first comprehensive study of lobbying across venues by studying interest group registrations in both the legislative and administrative branches. We present four major findings based on Federal and state data. First, groups engage in substantial administrative lobbying relative to legislative lobbying. Second, the vast majority of groups lobby the legislature, but a large proportion of groups also lobby the bureaucracy. Third, representational biases in legislative lobbying are replicated across venues: business groups dominate administrative lobbying at least as much ast ehy do legislative lobbying. Finally, the level of interest group activity in one venue for a given policy area is strongly related to its level in the other venue.