Social & Education Policy

Conducting a Cluster Analysis in Counseling Research: Four Easy Steps

Bardhoshi, G.; Um, B.; Erford, B.T.
Feb-01-2021

Abstract

A cluster analysis is an exploratory research method that contributes to identifying homogeneous subgroups and examining the structure of targeted data. This article provides four steps for conducting a cluster analysis for counseling researchers and practitioners: (1) select variable(s) for clustering subgroups; (2) perform preliminary data processing; (3) determine the clustering method to use; and (4) assess the validity of clustering results. Cluster analysis benefits counseling research in various ways, including offering an in-depth understanding of counselors, clients, and relevant counseling mechanisms.

Citation

Bardhoshi G, Um B, Erford BT. Conducting a Cluster Analysis in Counseling Research: Four Easy Steps. 2021;12(1):54 - 62. doi:10.1080/21501378.2020.1768522.