Development of Mix Design Procedure for Cold In-Place Recycling with Foamed Asphalt
The main objective of this study is to determine mix design parameters for cold in-place recycling with foamed asphalt. First, the foaming process of laboratory foaming equipment was validated by varying the water and asphalt content. 1.3% water content was adopted to create the optimum foaming characteristics in terms of the expansion ratio and the half-life at 170C under air pressure of 400 kPa and water pressure of 500 kPa. The mix design was then performed using both the indirect tensile test and the Marshall test for 13 combinations of foamed asphalt content and water content for three different gradations. The water content did not appear to affect the test results significantly. Maximum stability (both wet and dry samples), maximum bulk density, and indirect tensile strength (both wet and dry samples) were all obtained around 2.5% foamed asphalt content. Overall, the highest Marshall stability and indirect tensile strength were obtained in the order of fine, field, and coarse reclaimed asphalt pavement gradations. It is recommended that the indirect tensile strength based on wet samples be adopted for determining the optimum foamed asphalt content.