Gender, Religious, and Political Ideologies Among
An ideology can be defined as an internally consistent system of values and beliefs a person holds (Converse, 1964). Gender, religious, and political ideologies are often considered three of the most prominent and influential components of individual and family identities (Min et al., 2012; Moen et al., 1997). Exploring such ideologies is key to understanding individuals' macro- and micro-level experiences both within their families and in society. This may be particularly important as individuals undergo crucial transitional stages, such as when an adolescent becomes an emerging adult and launches from the family home (Elder, 1998). Identifying connections between family members' ideologies may lead to a richer understanding of how families negotiate expected rules, roles, and communication. The purpose of the present study was to identify subgroups of three-generation (later adulthood, middle adulthood, and emerging adulthood) families according to gender, religious, and political ideologies and to examine how subgroups differ in regard to intergenerational conflict (i.e., prevalence and intensity of disagreement, arguing, tension, and criticism between generations).